Universität Mannheim / Psychologie / Methods / psychological methods / Research / Episodic and Prospective Memory


Episodic and Prospective Memory

 

In the domain of episodic memory we analyze the conjoint encoding and retrieval of multiple context attributes of past events. For this purpose, we use stochastic models for the measurement of different cognitive processes in multidimensional source memory, and we investigate the conditions under which joint retrieval of multiple context attributes correlates with the subjective experience of conscious recollection. In the domain of prospective memory for delayed intentions, our experiments aim at the contributions of automatic and strategic processes to cue detection and action initiation. Moreover, we investigate the role of metacognitive processes in memory decisions and in the individual allocation of cognitive resources.

Research Grants from the German Research Council

  • "Multidimensionales Source Monitoring: Quellengedächtnis für multiple Kontextattribute und metakognitive Prozesse bei der Quellenzuordnung" [Multidimensional source monitoring: Source memory for multiple context attributes and metacognition processes of source attribution] (Grant ME 1918/1, 2002-2004)
  • "Automatische Prozesse, kontrollierte Prozesse und metakognitive Funktionen im prospektiven Gedächtnis" [Automatic processes, controlled processes, and metacognitive functions in prospective memory] (Grant ME 1918/3-1, 2, 2010-2016)
  • "Emotionales Arousal und Episodisches Gedächtnis" [Emotional arousal and episodic memory] (Grant BO 4226/2-1, 2014-2016)

Selected Publications

  • Boywitt, C.D., Kuhlmann, B.G., & Meiser, T. (2012). The role of source memory in older adults' recollective experience. Psychology and Aging, 27, 484-497.
  • Boywitt, C.D., & Meiser, T. (2012). The role of attention for context-context binding of intrinsic and extrinsic features. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, & Cognition, 38, 1099-1107.
  • Boywitt, C.D., & Rummel, J. (2012). A diffusion model analysis of task interference effects in prospective memory. Memory & Cognition, 40, 70-82.
  • Meiser, T. (2014). Analyzing stochastic dependence of cognitive processes in multidimensional source recognition. Experimental Psychology, 61, 402-415.
  • Meiser, T., & Rummel, J. (2012). False prospective memory responses as indications of automatic processes in the initiation of delayed intentions. Consciousness and Cognition, 21, 1509-1516.
  • Meiser, T., Sattler, C., & Weißer, K. (2008). Binding of multidimensional context information as a distinctive characteristic of remember judgments. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 34, 32-49.
  • Rummel, J., Boywitt, C.D., & Meiser, T. (2011). Assessing the validity of multinomial models using extraneous variables: An application to prospective memory. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 64, 2194-2210.
  • Rummel, J. & Meiser, T. (2013). The role of metacognition in prospective memory: Anticipated task demands influence attention allocation strategies. Consciousness & Cognition, 22, 931-943.

  • Rummel, J., & Meiser, T. (2016). Spontaneous prospective-memory processing: Unexpected fluency experiences trigger erroneous intention executions. Memory & Cognition, 44, 89-103.

  • Rummel, J., Wesslein, A.-K., & Meiser, T. (2017). The role of action coordination for prospective memory: Task-interruption demands affect intention realization. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory & Cognition, 43, 717-735.

  • Steinwascher, M. A., & Meiser, T. (2016). How a high working memory capacity can increase proactive interference. Consciousness and Cognition, 44, 130-145.